Timber and Related Products

Pine
Wood type Softwood
Environmental Not listed in CITES. Believed available from well-managed sources. Check certification status with suppliers.
Introduction "Scots pine" and "European redwood" are the trade names generally used in the UK to differentiate between homegrown and imported Pinus sylvestris.
See Scots pine for details and Mechanical Properties data of UK-grown material.
Distribution Widely distributed in Europe and northern Asia. It is found in the mountains of Spain and in the UK, especially in Scotland, at its westerly limits, in the north-west of Norway in a northerly
direction, spreading east through northern Europe into Asia, and reaching the Verkhoyansk Range, while its extreme southerly point is in Spain, in the Sierra Nevada in Andalusia. It is
found in the Maritime Alps in France, and in the eastern Pyrenees, and in the Caucasus and Transylvanian Alps. It is the only true pine indigenous to the British Isles, being native to Scotland and just over the border; elsewhere in the UK the forests are generally the result of planting.
The Tree The tree is generally 30m high with a diameter of about 1m but larger trees may be found on favourable sites.
The Timber The sapwood is creamy-white to yellow in colour, narrow, especially in northern environments, becoming wider in the southern areas, and the heartwood is pale yellowish-brown to reddish-brown, resinous, and usually distinct from the sapwood. The growth rings are clearly marked by the denser late-wood. The quality of the timber is affected by the conditions of growth, climate, soil, elevation, etc, more than most timbers because of its wide and varying distribution, and these factors affect the texture, density, size and number of knots. The weight of dried timber is about 510 kg/m3.
Drying The timber dries rapidly, and without undue degrade, but owing to its tendency to develop sap stain, it should either be anti-stain dipped, or dried quickly after conversion.
Strength For its weight, the timber is strong and moderately hard, although UK plantation-grown timber is generally slightly softer and weaker than that from other sources.
Working Qualities Medium - Medium
Durability Slightly durable
Treatability Extremely difficult
Moisture
Movement
Medium
Density
(mean, Kg/m³)
510
Texture Medium
Availability Regular
Price Low
Use(s) Interior joinery, Furniture, Structural
Colour(s) White/cream